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ARNHEM History
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The American War Cemetary of Oosterbeek.On the crossing of waterways and land, the city grew into the capital of Gelre. It became the governmental center of what would later become the Gelderland province, the last one to be annexed to the Netherlands in 1543. It was Emperor Charles V who made Arnhem the administrative capital of the province. Arnhem took on an industrial importance at the end of 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. The establishment of the ENKA in 1911 was very significant. Nowadays Arnhem is the biggest centre for trade and business services of south and east Holland. Names such as Heijdemij, Kema and Postgiro are well-known everywhere.

In the recent past, Arnhem was mainly associated with the battle during the Second World War which the allies lost and which would change the history of the city and its residents for good. Operation Market Garden, the biggest air force manouvre in the Second World War which was supposed to shorten the war by at least six months and which could have spared the Randstadt a disastrous "hunger winter", failed here. At that time Arnhem was a bridge too far.

However... Arnhem rose from the ashes. Due to the post-war expansions, with Oosterbeek to the west and Velp to the east, Arnhem now forms a complete city along the Veluwe border.



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